Philip Kaufman, (Chicago, 23 de octubre de 1936), director de cine estadounidense.
Nació en el seno de una familia judía, su madre se llamaba Elizabeth (Brandau de soltera) y Nathan Kaufman era su padre; siendo por ambos lados nieto de emigrantes judíos alemanes.
Estudió en la Universidad de Chicago y en el Colegio de Abogados de Harvard. Antes de decidirse por el cine, ejerció varios oficios, y tuvo varios empleos. Cuando era muy joven viajó de mochilazo por toda Europa, y en uno de esos viajes conoció a Anaïs Nin, autora de The Journal of Love – The unexpurgated Diary of Anaïs Nin 1931-1932, historia que más tarde filmaría como "Henry y June".
En su desarrollo artístico, Kaufman optó por la dirección cinematográica, pero también por el guionismo. En 1964, en colaboración con Benjamin Master, escribió, produjo y realizó Goldstein, ópera prima que mereció el Prix de la Nouvelle Critique en el festival de cine de Cannes. En los años setenta escribió el guion y dirigiría The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976), pero finalmente fue reemplazado por Clint Eastwood, quien también la protagonizó. Invasion of the Body Snatchers (La invasión de los ultracuerpos) (1978) fue su primer éxito comercial.
En los años ochenta, con una idea original de su autoría, fue escrito el guion de En busca del arca perdida e Indiana Jones y la última cruzada, filmes pertenecientes a la famosísima saga de las aventuras de Indiana Jones, protagonizada por Harrison Ford, y que en las manos de George Lucas y Steven Spielberg se convirtieron en todo un éxito cinematográfico. En 1988, Kaufman dirigió La insoportable levedad del ser, adaptación de la novela de Milan Kundera, multinominada a varios premios, entre estos el Oscar. Inició la década de los 90 con Henry y June, nominada también a un Óscar.
Su última cinta es Twisted (2004), protagonizado por Ashley Judd, Samuel L. Jackson y Andy García.
- Fecha de nacimiento: 1936-10-23
- Lugar de nacimiento: Chicago, Illinois, USA
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Philip Kaufman (born October 23, 1936) is an American film director and screenwriter. Although not noted for directing a large number of films, the films he has worked on have been recognized for their intelligence and independence. He is noted for directing films of eclectic subjects, ranging from realism to fantasy, and often incorporating satire or subtle humor as part of his “artistic signature.” He was born in Chicago, Illinois. Kaufman has been considered a “risk taker.” He has successfully adapted novels of widely different types – from Milan Kundera’s The Unbearable Lightness of Being to Michael Crichton’s Rising Sun; from Tom Wolfe’s heroic epic The Right Stuff to the erotic writings of Anais Nin’s Henry & June. According to film historian James Welsh, his candid treatment of adult relationships in Henry & June was considered an “artistic breakthrough by an unconventional filmmaker who was willing to take a chance and put his career on the line.” His greatest success was the blockbuster film The Right Stuff, where he directed and wrote the screenplay. It earned eight Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture. And his best films have always had his personal imprint, “stressing values of individualism and integrity,” and always being "clearly American." Description above from the Wikipedia article Philip Kaufman, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia','','Chief Dan George was born with the names Geswanouth Slahoot (which was anglicized as Dan Slaholt) to a tribal chief on Burrard Indian Reserve No. 3 in North Vancouver. His last name was changed to George when he entered a mission boarding school at the age of 5, where the use of his native language was discouraged, if not forbidden. After spending much of his early life as a longshoreman, a construction worker, and a school bus driver, Chief Dan George auditioned for the role of Ol' Antoine on "Cariboo Country" (1960), a CBC television series, and was offered the part. On the strength of his performance in the series, and after playing the same part in Smith! (1969) a Disney adaptation of one the show's episodes, based on "Breaking Smith's Quarterhorse" a novella by _Paul St. Pierre_ and starring Glenn Ford, he was asked to play Old Lodge Skins in Little Big Man (1970); this role led to a nomination for Best Supporting Actor in 1970. He continued to appear in a variety of films, and also became an accomplished stage actor. He became an influential speaker on the rights of the native peoples of North America. He died in 1981 on the same Indian Reserve where he was born.','From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sondra Locke (born May 28, 1947) is an American actress, singer and film director. She made her film debut in The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter (1968), for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. From 1976 to 1983, she appeared in six films with then partner Clint Eastwood, starting with The Outlaw Josey Wales, and ending with the fourth Dirty Harry film, Sudden Impact, where she played a serial killer seeking revenge for a past rape. Description above from the Wikipedia article Sondra Locke, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.','From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Geraldine Keams (born August 19, 1951 in Flagstaff, Arizona) is an American actress. She is best known for her work in numerous television series often playing a motherly role. She is a member of the Navajo Nation. She guest starred in the television series, Dharma and Greg as a sweat-lodge medicine woman. She made her debut in the 1976 Clint Eastwood western The Outlaw Josey Wales as Little Moonlight. In recent years, she is also a successful stage actress and storyteller, taking part in children's plays about Indian legends. Description above from the Wikipedia article Geraldine Keams, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.','','From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Royal Edward Dano (November 16, 1922 – May 15, 1994) was an American film and television character actor. Description above from the Wikipedia article Royal Dano, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.','','','','