Robert Rossen (16 de marzo de 1908 – 18 de febrero de 1966) fue un director, productor y guionista de cine estadounidense que fue incluido en la lista negra de Hollywood de finales de los años 1950.
- Fecha de nacimiento: 1908-03-16
- Falleció: 1966-02-18
- Lugar de nacimiento: New York City, New York, USA
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Robert Rossen (March 16, 1908 – February 18, 1966) was an American screenwriter, film director, and producer whose film career spanned almost three decades. His 1949 film All the King's Men won Oscars for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actress, while Rossen was nominated for an Oscar as Best Director. He won the Golden Globe for Best Director and the film won the Golden Globe Award for Best Picture. In 1961 he made The Hustler, which was nominated for nine Oscars and won two. Rossen was nominated as Best Director and with Sidney Carroll for Best Adapted Screenplay but did not win either award. After directing and writing for the stage in New York, Rossen moved to Hollywood in 1937. There he worked as a screenwriter for Warner Bros. until 1941, and then interrupted his career to serve until 1944 as the chairman of the Hollywood Writers Mobilization Against the War, a body to organize writers for the effort in World War II. In 1945 he joined a picket line against Warner Bros., making an enemy of Jack Warner. After making one film for Hal Wallis's new-formed production company, Rossen made one for Columbia Pictures, another for Wallis and most of his later films for his own companies, usually in collaboration with Columbia. Rossen was a member of the American Communist Party from 1937 to about 1947, and believed the Party was "dedicated to social causes of the sort that we as poor Jews from New York were interested in." However, he finally ended all relations with the Party in 1949. Rossen was twice called before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), in 1951 and in 1953. He exercised his Fifth Amendment rights at his first appearance, refusing to state whether he had ever been a Communist. As a result he was unofficially blacklisted by the Hollywood studio bosses, and he was unable to renew his passport. At his second appearance he named 57 people as current or former Communists and was removed from the unofficial blacklist. After this, he had to produce his next film, Mambo, in Italy in 1954 to repair his finances. While The Hustler in 1961 was a great success, conflict with the star of Lilith so disillusioned Rossen that he made no more films during the last three years of his life. Rossen's films for Warner generally described the conditions of working people, the portrayal of gangsters and racketeers, and opposition to fascism. He wrote that ambition and the desire for success were common themes in his work. His films often featured strong female characters. All Rossen's playscripts were adaptions except three which were based on real events. While head of production at Warner, Wallis considered that some of his best films were written by Rossen. Description above from the Wikipedia article Robert Rossen, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.','','','From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jackie Gleason (February 26, 1916 – June 24, 1987) was an American comedian, actor and musician. He was known for his brash visual and verbal comedy style, especially by his character Ralph Kramden on The Honeymooners, a situation-comedy television series. His most noted film roles were as Minnesota Fats in the drama film The Hustler (1961) starring Paul Newman, and as Buford T. Justice in the Smokey and the Bandit movie series. Description above from the Wikipedia article Jackie Gleason, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.','From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Myron McCormick (February 8, 1908 – July 30, 1962) was an American actor of stage, radio and film. McCormick was born as Walter Myron McCormick in Albany, Indiana. He was the only cast member of the Broadway smash South Pacific to remain with the show for all 1,925 performances. He won a 1950 Tony Award for his portrayal of sailor Luther Billis. He later was featured on Broadway from 1955-1957 in the military comedy No Time for Sergeants and repeated his role as Sergeant King for the 1958 film version starring Andy Griffith. To movie audiences, he is possibly best remembered from 1961's The Hustler as Charlie, the partner of pool shark "Fast Eddie" Felson (Paul Newman). McCormick was an alumnus of Princeton University, where he was a Phi Beta Kappa. He became a featured performer in many popular radio dramas of the 1940s. He also made guest appearances on numerous television programs of the 1950s/early 1960s, including The Untouchables, Naked City, Alfred Hitchcock Presents and Way Out. Description above from the Wikipedia article Myron McCormick, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.','Gordon B. Clarke was an actor.','Stefan Gierasch (February 5, 1926 – September 6, 2014) was anAmerican film and television actor. Gierasch made over 100 screen appearances, mostly in American television, beginning in 1951. In the mid-60s, he performed with the Trinity Square Players in Providence, Rhode Island. He appeared in dozens of films including in The Hustler, Jeremiah Johnson, What's Up Doc? High Plains Drifter, and Carrie. In 1994 he appeared in the Arnold Schwarzenegger and Danny DeVito film Junior as 'Edward Sawyer', and in 1995'sMurder in the First as Warden James Humson'. Gierasch has made many TV appearances, as in Starsky and Hutch,Star Trek: The Next Generation, and ER.','Clifford A. Pellow was born on November 13, 1928 in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. He is an actor.','Jake LaMotta had one of the best chins in boxing history. In over 110 fights against the greatest middleweights in history, LaMotta was only knocked to the canvas once in his entire 14 year career. Turning pro in the early 1940s, Lamotta ran up an impressive undefeated streak before losing. He was the first fighter to defeat the great Sugar Ray Robinson (Robinson was 40-0). Claimed to have "taken a dive" against "Blackjack" Billy Fox in New York City. Fox was 49-1 with 49 knockouts. Captured the World's Middleweight Title from the legendary Frenchman Marcel Cerdan. Made two successful title defenses. Was knocked down by light-heavyweight Danny Nardico in West Palm Beach, Florida in the early 1950s. Made an ill advised comeback and lost to Billy Kilgore in Miami Beach. Ran a popular nightclub on Miami Beach in the 1950s. Served a short prison term. Acted in the movie, L'arnaqueur (1961) with Paul Newman. - IMDb Mini Biography','Alexander Rose is an actor and writer.','Coates was born in Oklahoma City and grew up in Santa Monica, Calif., where she acted in children's theater. She went on to major in acting at the University of California, Los Angeles, and worked in stock companies in the East. She met her future husband, James Noble - who played "Governor Gene Gatling" on the TV show Benson(1979) - in 1951 in Worcester, Mass., while playing "Eliza Doolittle" in "Pygmalion". The couple appeared in many plays together, notably "Long Day's Journey into Night" and "A Delicate Balance". - IMDb Mini Biography','Carl York is an actor.','From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Vincent Gardenia (January 7, 1920 – December 9, 1992) was an Italian American stage, film, and television actor. Description above from the Wikipedia article Vincent Gardenia, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia