Ralph Bakshi (Haifa, Mandato Británico de Palestina; 29 de octubre de 1938) es un cineasta y animador estadounidense. A medida que la industria de la animación estadounidense declinaba durante las décadas de 1960 y 1970, Bakshi intentó innovar y fue pionero de la animación para adultos con El gato Fritz, película basada en el personaje de Robert Crumb. En 1978 dirigió la primera adaptación cinematográfica de El Señor de los Anillos, la novela de fantasía heroica de J. R. R. Tolkien. Su última película se remonta a 1992 con Cool World, que mezcla imagen real con dibujos animados, aunque actualmente trabaja en Last Days of Coney Island, un largometraje de animación financiado en masa mediante el sitio web Kickstarter. El estreno estaba previsto para 2014.
- Fecha de nacimiento: 1938-10-29
- Lugar de nacimiento: Haifa, British Mandate for Palestine (now Israel
Ralph Bakshi (born October 29, 1938) is an American director of animated and live-action films. In the 1970s, he established an alternative to mainstream animation through independent and adult-oriented productions. Between 1972 and 1992, he directed nine theatrically released feature films, five of which he wrote. He has been involved in numerous television projects as director, writer, producer and animator. Beginning his career at the Terrytoons television cartoon studio as a cel polisher, Bakshi was eventually promoted to director. He moved to the animation division of Paramount Pictures in 1967 and started his own studio, Bakshi Productions, in 1968. Through producer Steve Krantz, Bakshi made his debut feature film, Fritz the Cat, released in 1972. It was the first animated film to receive an X rating from the Motion Picture Association of America, and the most successful independent animated feature of all time. Over the next eleven years, Bakshi directed seven additional animated features. He is well known for his fantasy films, which include Wizards (1977), The Lord of the Rings (1978) and Fire and Ice (1983). In 1987, Bakshi returned to television work, producing the series Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures, which ran for two years before it was canceled due to complaints from a conservative political group over perceived drug references. After a nine-year hiatus from feature films, he directed Cool World (1992), which was largely rewritten during production and received poor reviews. Bakshi returned to television with the live-action film Cool and the Crazy (1994) and the anthology series Spicy City (1997). He founded the Bakshi School of Animation and Cartooning in 2003. During the 2000s, he has focused largely on painting. He has received several awards for his work, including the 1980 Golden Gryphon for The Lord of the Rings at the Giffoni Film Festival, the 1988 Annie Award for Distinguished Contribution to the Art of Animation, and the 2003 Maverick Tribute Award at the Cinequest Film Festival. Description above from the Wikipedia article Ralph Bakshi, licensed under CC-BY-SA, full list of contributors on Wikipedia.